Citizen participation in government decision making is a growing public demand in society. This participation can be realized in binding or consultative referenda. These referenda can be conducted entirely electronically or in a hybrid manner, allowing traditional urn voting in addition to electronic or Internet voting.
A consultation can be initiated either on the initiative of the executive or legislative powers, because the law requires it in some cases, or by citizens’ initiative through signature collection as a way of filtering proposals. In either case, the greater the participation the more successful the process, so before the referenda starts, it will be necessary to give it the due visibility and provide information about the different options.
Non governmental organizations also conduct internal referenda to make important decisions ever more frequently. It is a powerful way for the executive branch of the organization to carry out its work knowing that it has the support of the majority.
Depending on the case, the period between the consultation announcement and the start of voting can be very tight, and on other occasions the organization needs to carry out referenda more frequently. Electronic and online consultations are an efficient method to meet these demands on our technological society.